THE RIVER THAMES ALLIANCE CO. LTD.

A not for distributable profit company limited by guarantee - Registered in England Company No. 09550359

Thames waterway plan

Contents

Vision and objectives 4

1.0 Introduction 5

2.0 Approach 6

3.0 Underlying principles 8

4.0 Context 9

5.0 Sustainable development 11

5.1 Introduction 11

5.2 The integrated regional framework 11

5.3 Sustainable waterway leisure and tourism

5.4 Sustainable development principles 12

6.0 The River Thames 13

6.1 River Thames and its tributaries 13

6.2 Local Government boundaries 13

7.0 Socio-economic baseline 18

7.1 Population 18

7.2 Economic value 18

7.3 Demographic changes 19

7.4 Social inclusion 22

7.5 Deprivation 24

7.6 Ethnicity 24

8.0 Tourism 30

8.1 Tourism trends 30

8.2 Visitor attractions 36

8.3 Visitor expectations and product quality 36

9.0 Sport and recreation 40

9.1 Government policy 40

9.2 Trends in participation 41

9.3 Value of open space 44

9.4 Access and walking 45

9.5 Cycling 49

9.6 Angling 52

9.7 Rowing 53

9.8 Canoeing 54

9.9 Sailing 55

9.10 Motor cruising 55

9.11 Swimming 55

10.0 Powered boating 56

10.1 Trends on the river 56

10.2 Pattern of boat movement 58

10.3 Permanent moorings 60

10.4 Visitor moorings 61

10.5 Passenger boats 62

10.6 Hire boats 63

10.7 Freight transport 66

10.8 Residential boats 67

11.0 Landscape 68

11.1 Geology 68

11.2 Landscape character 68

11.3 Landscape designations 68

12.0 Built heritage 77

13.0 Water quality and resources 80

13.1 Water quality 80

13.2 Water resource management 80

13.3 Flood risk management 80

14.0 Climate change 84

15.0 Biodiversity and fisheries 85

15.1 Biodiversity 85

13.2 Fisheries 87

16.0 Gateway opportunities 92

16.1 Introduction 92

16.2 Teddington 92

16.3 Reading 93

16.4 Cotswold Canals restoration 93

16.5 Oxford 94

17.0 Education 95

18.0 Service and facilities 98

18.1 Waterway standards 98

18.1.1 Waterway standards – river corridor 98

18.1.2 Waterway standards – lock sites 100

18.1.3 Waterway standards – navigation 102

18.2 Facility gap analysis 106

19.0 Visitor risk management 108

20.0 Targets, monitoring and review 109

Case studies

Case study 1 River Thames Boat Project 23

Case study 2 Falcon Rowing and Canoe Club, Oxford 25

Case study 3 Marketing the River Thames 31

Case study 4 Cotswold Water Park 37

Case study 5 White water canoeing at Hambleden weir 54

Case study 6 Upper-River Thames Heritage Project 69

Case study 7 The Jubilee River 81

Case study 8 Penton Hook spawning channel 87

Case study 9 Restoration of natural riverbank at Hampton Court Palace 89

Case study 10 The River & Rowing Museum 95

Case study 11 Improved facilities at Hurley Lock 107

Case study 5 White water canoeing at Hambleden weir 54

Case study 6 Upper-River Thames Heritage Project 69

Case study 7 The Jubilee River 81

Case study 8 Penton Hook spawning channel 87

Case study 9 Restoration of natural riverbank at Hampton Court Palace 89

Case study 10 The River & Rowing Museum 95

Case study 11 Improved facilities at Hurley Lock 107

Contents

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Tables and graphs

Figure 1 Percentage of young people participating regularly in sport 2002 41

Figure 2 Thames traffic related to boat numbers 1960–2004 56

Figure 3 Inland boating share of the market 2001 57

Figure 4 Average locks made and boat movement through all locks 2003-2004 59

Figure 5 Average annual lock traffic by type 2003-2004 59

Figure 6 Thames day and holiday hire boats 1980-2004 63

Figure 7 Number of gaps where facility provision fails to meet the standard 106

Maps

Number Description

Map 1 River Thames and its tributaries 14

Map 2 Local Government boundaries 16

Map 3 Population 20

Map 4 Deprivation 26

Map 5 Ethnicity 28

Map 6a Tourism accessibility – road 32

Map 6b Tourism accessibility – rail 34

Map 7 Visitor attractions 38

Map 8 Clubs and societies 42

Map 9 Footpaths 46

Map 10 Cycling 50

Map 11 Boat hire 64

Map 12 Geology 70

Map 13 Landscape character 72

Map 14 Landscape designations 74

Map 15 Built heritage 78

Map 16 Flood risk 82

Map 17 Conservation sites and ecological sensitivity to low flows 90

Map 18 Proximity of schools to the river 96

Appendices

Appendix 1 Organisations that responded to the plan consultations 110

Appendix 2 Overarching sustainable development objectives and their relevance

to the Thames waterway 112

Appendix 3 Visitor Safety in the Countryside Group Guiding Principles 114

Contents

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Waterways Plan 2006 - 2011.pdf